25. By 1968 the 152mm rounds were available and the Army planned to equip the 1st and 3rd squadrons of the 4th Cavalry with M-551s. History. The tips of the flechettes are exposed in the Federal cartridges, but concealed by a conventional star crimp in Western cartridges. The widely used Carl Gustaf 8.4cm recoilless rifle also uses an Area Defence Munition designed as a close-range anti-personnel round. . The 1960’s saw the use of the Flechette in theatre during the Vietnam War. A flechette round has dart shaped projectiles, built into a 12 GA shotgun Shell. The concept of flechette (French for little arrow) ammunition is nothing new. Infantry fielded 12 gauge shotguns with Flechette rounds. £15.00. The flechettes are released by a base-mounted, fuze-ignited (integral fuze) expulsion charge at rocket motor burnout. The 10 pounder Flechette: WDU (4A/A). [3], The weapons were designed to be dropped from an aircraft. ARMORED CAV TANK CREWMAN VIETNAM When we fired Beehive rounds (APERS T) from our tank, an M48A3, the round ejected 8000 flechettes during flight by a mechanical time fuse that exploded 75 yards after the shell was fired releasing the flechettes or darts. issue Flechettes were thoughtfully removed from 105mm tank ‘Beehive’ rounds and are now available to you! However, during the Vietnam War, there was a demand for a munition that could be fired directly at enemy troops, in cases where an artillery unit was attacked. US MILITARY. "Beehive rounds were extensively used in the Vietnam War, for defence of fire base perimeters against massed enemy attacks . The Steyr-Mannlicher ACR rifle was a prototype flechette-firing assault rifle built for the US Army's Advanced Combat Rifle program of 1989–90. Typically, artillery gunners fire using indirect fire, firing at targets they cannot see by line of sight with information provided by a forward observer. During the Vietnam War, it was also used in areas filled with thick brush. [12] They are carried by attack helicopters such as the AH-64 Apache and the AH-1 Cobra. After the Vietnam War the 105mm tank gun M68 was also provided APER-T ammunition M494. Flechette Rounds. APERS-T rounds in 40×46 mm were also available for the M79, M203, and M320 grenade launchers. A number of attempts have been made to field flechette-firing small arms. [citation needed]. A flechette /flɛˈʃɛt/ fleh-SHET is a pointed steel projectile with a vaned tail for stable flight. [citation needed], sfn error: no target: CITEREFKarmes2014 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFEadesPowers1964 (, sfn error: no target: CITEREFPursglove1962 (, CS1 maint: multiple names: authors list (, Canfield, Bruce N. "Vietnam-Era Military Shotshells", "Hydra-70 Rocket System - Army Technology", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Flechette&oldid=1000924296, Articles with unsourced statements from November 2020, Articles with unsourced statements from January 2021, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 17 January 2021, at 11:15. The name comes from French fléchette, "little arrow" or "dart", and sometimes retains the acute accent in English: fléchette. This product will ship separately from the rest of your order. [4] APERS-T rounds were available for 90mm gun on M48 tanks and the 152mm gun on the M551 Sheridan armored reconnaissance/airborne assault vehicle. Flechette ammo is a group of tiny steel darts, backed by a wad and encased in the hull of the shotgun shell. . In more recent conflicts, the usage of flechette rounds and its aftermath has been more widely documented. The flechettes were packed in a plastic cup with granulated white polyethylene to maintain alignment with the bore axis, and supported by a metal disk to prevent penetration of the over-powder wad during acceleration down the bore. During the Vietnam War, the military flechettes were used by US forces. These flechettes were used in the Vietnam-era M546 APERS-T 105mm artillery shell, known to Vietnam vets as “The Beehive.”. Beehive was a Vietnam war era anti-personnel round packed with metal flechettes fired from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that conflict. Subsequently, it was reported that the USSR had developed similar rounds for 122 mm and 152 mm artillery for use in indirect fire. [citation needed], The 70 mm Hydra 70 rocket currently in service with the US Armed forces can be fitted with an anti-personnel (APERS) warhead containing 1,179 flechettes. Flechettes shot into ballistic gelatin (above and below). Flechettes have been used in taking out snipers hiding in thick brush or trees. Direct fire with arty flechette rounds was devastating. Flechette Rounds During the Vietnam War the U.S. Military issued 90 and 105mm antipersonnel rounds packed with tiny darts to tank and tank destroyer crews. Delivery systems and methods of launching flechettes vary, from a single shot, to thousands in a single explosive round. Green starshells were shot into the air prior to their use to warn friendly troops that such a round was being shot. This devastating round was designed after the Korean War as a way to stop the human wave assault tactics used by the Chinese in that war. Lazy Dog projectiles were used primarily during the Korean and Vietnam Wars. Weapons of the Vietnam War (10,887 words) exact match in snippet view article find links to article Smoke shells - used for screening. Both Western and Federal cartridge companies loaded 12-gauge flechette rounds for the military. They were manufactured by the Western Cartridge Company and contained 20 flechettes, 18.5 millimetres (0.73 in) long and weighing 7.3 grains (0.47 grams) each. The flechette round carries about 30 1 inch steel dart shaped projectiles. 0 bids. Improved Conventional Munition - antipersonnel Selective-fire shotguns were used to fire flechettes designed to retain the exterior ballistics and penetration of standard flechettes, but increase wounding capacity through a wider wound path. VIETNAM ERA FLECHETTES. Beehive rounds became less popular in the United States following Vietnam, with low-angle air burst techniques such as Killer Junior supplanting the use of Beehive. The USSR had the AO-27 rifle as well as the APS amphibious rifle, and other countries have their own flechette rounds. Beehive was a Vietnam war era anti-personnel round packed with metal flechettes fired from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that conflict. [citation needed], During the Vietnam War the United States employed 12-gauge combat shotguns using flechette loads. [11] The US Air Force used 2.75-inch (7 cm) rockets with WDU-4/A flechette warheads. [1], During World War I, flechettes were dropped from aircraft to attack infantry. Throughout time these have been used to … [9] The flechettes had flatter trajectories over longer ranges than spherical buckshot, but combat effectiveness did not justify continued production. Smaller flechettes were used in special artillery shells called "beehive" rounds (so named for the very distinctive whistling buzz made by thousands of flechettes flying downrange at supersonic speeds) and intended for use against troops in the open – a ballistic shell packed with flechettes was fired and set off by a mechanical time fuze, scattering flechettes in an expanding cone. Deployed through Beehive Rounds and flechette shotgun shells, the weapon proved useful in fighting the Vietcong in the dense jungle. The contract was named the "Beehive Program" referring to the way the flechettes … By CTD Mike Published on August 9, 2011 in Ammunition. However, it could also be used in an antipersonnel role with the use of flechette rounds. This member of the U.S. Army’s 173rd Airborne Brigade in Vietnam is carrying a World War II-vintage Stevens Model 520-30 “trench gun.” Many “recycled” World War II shotguns saw use in Vietnam. However, during the Vietnam War, there was a demand for a munition that could be fired directly at enemy troops, in cases where an artillery unit was attacked. We shoot a few shells full of flechettes. One unique application of this 1" Flechette was to load these in a 12 GA. shotgun for taking … Used through the ages to destabilize columns of Infantry, our Govt. [citation needed], A variation of the flechette addressing its difficulties is the SCMITR, developed as part of the Close Assault Weapon System, or CAWS, project. Each shot sent about 20 Flechettes down range. Click & Collect. £2.00 postage. They were used in the Vietnam War by 105 mm howitzer batteries and tanks (90mm guns) to defend t… Dispatched with Royal Mail 2nd Class. Flechette is French for “little arrow” or “dart”. During the Vietnam War the U.S. Military issued 90 and 105mm antipersonnel rounds packed with tiny darts to tank and tank destroyer crews. £25.00. [1] The first example was the 105mm howitzer M546 anti-personnel tracer (APERS-T), first fired in combat in 1966[2] and thereafter used extensively in the Vietnam War. During the Vietnam War the U.S. Military issued 90 and 105mm antipersonnel rounds packed with tiny darts to tank and tank destroyer crews. An old neighbor was a Marine artilleryman during the Vietnam war. They have been used as ballistic weapons since World War I. My uncle was on the USS Vincennes back in the 80s when we were sinking Iranian gunboats in the Gulf. Beehive rounds became less popular in the United States following Vietnam, with low-angle airburst techniques … Smaller flechettes were used in special artillery shells called "beehive" rounds (so named for the very distinctive whistling buzz made by thousands of flechettes flying downrange at supersonic speeds) and intended for use against troops in the open – a ballistic shell packed with flechettes was fired and set off by a mechanical time fuse, scattering flechettes in an expanding cone. The name comes from French fléchette, "little arrow" or "dart", and sometimes retains the acute accent in English: fléchette. During the Vietnam War, many of the flechette-loaded 12-gauge shells were marked “Whirlpool” because that company was involved in their development. For use with 1” long flechettes. Fuzed weight of the flechette is 9.3 pounds. Subsequently it was reported that the USSR had developed similar rounds for 122 mm and 152 mm artillery for use in indirect fire. They contained no explosive charge but as they fell they developed significant kinetic energy[4] making them lethal and able to easily penetrate soft cover such as jungle canopy, several inches of sand, or light armor. However, during the Vietnam War, there was a demand for a munition that co… [7][8] These plastic-cased shells were issued on a limited trial basis during the Vietnam War. They did not "pin VC/NVA to trees", they left red smears on the ground where the bodies were shredded. Beehive flechette rounds - antipersonnel rounds. It was commonly assumed by users in the service that the term referred to a supposed 'buzzing' sound its darts made when flying through the air. [5] Though their effects were often no less indiscriminate than other projectiles[citation needed], they did not leave unexploded ordnance (UXO) that could be active years after a conflict ended. ( There sure is a load of guesses and bad information here ) The Truth is that the flechette was developed during WW1 but was resurrected and used during the Vietnam war. Precision Gun Works 12 Gauge Flechette Ammo PGW1257 - 5 Rounds Per Box. Shop CDVS for Ammunition, Dummy rounds, projectiles, powder, cases, primers and more. At a distance of 75 meters the Beehive … 12 vietnam war flechette " devils tooth picks " 27mm long [1 inch ] £10.00. The contract was named the "Beehive Program" referring to the way the flechettes were compartmentalized and stacked, looking like the traditional image of a conical beehive. These were donated to us by Granite State Guns. [citation needed], Work at Johns Hopkins University in the 1950s led to the development of the direct injection antipersonnel chemical biological agent (DIACBA), where flechettes were grooved, hollow pointed, or otherwise milled to retain a quantity of chemical or biological warfare agent to be delivered through a ballistic wound. [citation needed], The exterior ballistic performance and armor-piercing potential of flechettes have made the development and integration of this class of munition attractive to small-arms manufacturers. Famous for use in Vietnam when one tank would have ‘Viet Cong’ crawling on the top trying to take out the crew, and a radio call to their fellow tank for a ‘Back Scratch Mission’ would result in a 105mm flechette tank round scraping off the unwelcome visitors! They have been used as ballistic weapons since World War I. Both Western and Federal cartridge companies loaded 12-gauge flechette rounds for the military. Although small (or because it was small), the Flechette was a … @25mm long, these and similar sized Flechettes were used through the U.S. involvement in the Vietnam War in Artillery, Tank, and 12 Ga. shotgun rounds. Flechette Rounds. A Flechette is a small dart shaped projectile, that is clustered in an explosive warhead, dropped in a missile from an airplane or fired from a hand held weapon. [5] Lazy Dog munitions were simple and cheap; they could be dropped in huge numbers in a single pass. This round was dispersed into action in the Vietnam War era. New rounds were developed for the M79 and sent over to Vietnam for combat testing. [2], Later the U.S. used Lazy Dog bombs, which are small, unguided kinetic projectiles typically about 1.75 inches (44 mm) in length, 0.5 inches (13 mm) in diameter, and weighing about 0.7 ounces (20 g). The flechette rounds were developed under a contract administered by Picatinny Arsenal and let to the Whirlpool Corporation in April 1957. US ARMY M56 EARLY PATTERN FIRST AID KIT POUCH. [10], Smaller flechettes were used in special artillery shells called "beehive" rounds (so named for the very distinctive whistling buzz made by thousands of flechettes flying downrange at supersonic speeds) and intended for use against troops in the open – a ballistic shell packed with flechettes was fired and set off by a mechanical time fuse, scattering flechettes in an expanding cone. £4.00 postage. Was used primarily for antipersonnel operations, this warhead contains approximately 2,200 twenty grain flechettes. A flechette /flɛˈʃɛt/ fleh-SHET is a pointed steel projectile with a vaned tail for stable flight. The US Biological Program also had a microflechette to deliver either botulinum toxin A or saxitoxin, the M1 biodart, which resembled a 7.62 mm rifle cartridge. The 105mm howitzer round was not the only artillery piece provided with APERS-T. Beehive rounds were also created for recoilless anti-tank weapons: the 90 mm and 106 mm mounted on the M50 Ontos. The flechette darts didn’t last past the early years of the war when bombs were deemed more effective. @1-3/8” long each. These days they are fired from tanks and … Leaflet shell - rarely used. . Flechette shells with projectiles. The first of the close-combat rounds for the M79 was a flechette round loaded with 45 finned steel flechettes carried in a plastic sabot. Typically, artillery gunners fire using indirect fire, firing at targets they cannot see by line of sight with information provided by a forward observer. It is also known as flechette rounds or their official designation, antipersonnel-tracer (APERS-T). Intended for direct fire against enemy troops, the M546 was direct fired from a near horizontally leveled 105 mm howitzer[3] and ejected 8000 flechettes during flight by a mechanical time fuze. Flechette Shotgun Rounds Flechette Shotgun Rounds. During the Vietnam War, many of the flechette-loaded 12-gauge shells were marked “Whirlpool” because that company was involved in their development. It fires 1,100 flechettes over a wide area. This article is about Beehive anti-personnel ammunition. But the design of sharp darts being used for war later resurfaced with the flechette rounds used in shotguns and the infamous Beehive artillery round used in the Vietnam War. 15 watching. projected 8000 flechettes and was direct fired from a near horizontally levelled barrel of … Beehive was a Vietnam war era anti-personnel round packed with metal flechettes fired from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that conflict. [6] The initial work was with the nerve agent VX, which had to be thickened to deliver a reliable dose. Shop CDVS for your Flechettes. [citation needed], During the Vietnam War 105 mm howitzer batteries and tanks (90 mm guns) used flechette rounds to defend themselves against massed infantry attacks. 1974 British Army MG Mk3 Oil Bottle Olive coated brass 8 c 6 x 2.5 cm's . The flechette rounds were developed under a contract administered by Picatinny Arsenal and let to the Whirlpool Corporation in April 1957. Article first appeared at American Rifleman. Cartridges manufactured by the Federal Cartridge Company contained 25 flechettes. Eventually this was replaced by a particulate carbamate. Upon firing, the so-called “flechette” rounds would send a high speed cloud of deadly darts downrange. For other uses, see, ONTOS mounting six 106mm recoilless rifle, the world's biggest shot gun, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Beehive_anti-personnel_round&oldid=959753490, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, This page was last edited on 30 May 2020, at 12:37. It is also known as flechette rounds or their official designation, antipersonnel-tracer (APERS-T). To learn more about the flechette darts, check out the video below. The ubiquitous 106 mm M40 recoilless rifle was primarily used as an anti-tank weapon. The primary beehive round for this purpose . There had been pressure to send the tank to Vietnam earlier, but field commanders balked because of the lack of available main gun ammunition, not wanting a tank armed only with machine guns. . The use of flechettes as antipersonnel weapons has been controversial. [citation needed], A number of prototype flechette-firing weapons were developed as part of the long-running Special Purpose Individual Weapon (SPIW) project. While you probably won’t be finding any practical use for your flechette shells, they can be fun to shoot targets with. , flechettes were dropped from an artillery gun most popularly deployed during that conflict conflicts, so-called... 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For your flechette shells, the weapons were designed to be dropped in huge numbers a. Fuze-Ignited ( integral fuze ) expulsion charge at rocket motor burnout the nerve agent VX which! With the use of flechette rounds Oil Bottle Olive coated brass 8 c 6 x 2.5 cm.... Flechette is French for “ little arrow ” or “ dart ” … flechette rounds Ammunition, rounds., backed by a wad and encased in the 80s when We were sinking Iranian gunboats the... C 6 x 2.5 cm 's was a Vietnam War the U.S. Military issued 90 and antipersonnel! M79 and sent over to Vietnam vets as “ the Beehive. ” /flɛˈʃɛt/ fleh-SHET is group... Used to … an old neighbor was a demand for a munition that co… flechette rounds … We shoot few! Own flechette rounds for the us Air Force used 2.75-inch ( 7 cm ) with. Red smears on the USS Vincennes back in the Vietnam War in a single explosive round countries their.