“Hispanic” refers to a person of Mexican, Puerto Rican, Cuban or other Spanish / Hispanic / Latino culture or origin. Contrary to many beliefs, Hispanic is not a race, but an ethnicity. Since 1988, the U.S. Government has set aside the period from September 15 to October 15 as National Hispanic Heritage Month to honor the many contributions Hispanic Americans have made and continue to make to the United States of America. Compared with non-Hispanics, cancer rates among Hispanics are lower overall and lower for the major sites -- lung, breast, prostate, and colorectal. In 2015 Hispanics over the age of 50 account for 10% of their age group. The Chicano movement was a civil rights movement that started by looking for the restoration of land grants. The family unit usually extends beyond the nuclear family. It’s important to note there are differences between Hispanics in the U.S. and U.S.-born Hispanics, which are key to understanding how to reach and engage the overall Hispanic market. HispanicHeritage Week was commemorated in 1968 by President Lyndon Johnson andexpanded to a month in 1988. Hispanic Family Facts. St. Augustine, Florida, and Sante Fe, New Mexico were Hispanic cities founded before Plymouth, Massachusetts. 30 Facts for Hispanic Heritage Month Started as Hispanic Heritage Week in 1968 by President Lyndon Johnson Expanded to a month by President Ronald Reagan Enacted into law on August 17, 1988, on the approval of Public Law 100-402 Hispanic Heritage Month goes from September 15 to October 15 September 15th is the anniversary of independence for Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, … Coronavirus pandemic: Cash transfer delivery methods matter for low-income families. The upcoming 2020 Census has long-lasting ramifications for federal funding. But as migration patterns from Latin America change, the origins of U.S. Hispanics are beginning to shift. LC call number: E169 .1 .F375 1991 LC control number: 91010786 Catalog Record Discusses Hispanic … Here are 10 must-know facts about Hispanics and U.S.-born Hispanics. Hispanics in the U.S. Have a current spending power of about $1.4 trillion. Each year, Americans observe National Hispanic Heritage Month from Sept. 15 through Oct. 15 by celebrating the histories, cultures and contributions of Hispanics who originate from Spain, Mexico, the Caribbean, and Central and South America. It is slightly ahead of English (328 million) but behind Chinese (1.2 billion). Spaniards are believed to be the longest continuously established population in Europe. View CNN's Fast Facts on the Hispanic population in the United States and learn more about the largest minority in the country. In addition, Mexico and Chile celebrate their independence days on Sept. 16 and Sept. 18. One hundred years after its founding, The Hispanic Society of America Museum & Library continues to reflect the vision of Archer Milton Huntington (1870–1955), one of America’s greatest philanthropists. WorkplaceDiversity.com © 2021 | All Rights Reserved. The Hispanic family is a close-knit group and the most important social unit. In honor of the celebratory month, the following is a list of key Hispanic facts by the numbers. Many Hispanic Americans trace their roots to the cultures of the indigenous peoples of the Americas -- including the Arawaks (Puerto Rico), the Aztecs (Mexico), the Incas (South America), the Maya (Central America), and the Tainos (in Cuba, Puerto Rico and other places). See more ideas about hispanic, hispanic heritage month, hispanic history month. As late as 1783, at the end of the American Revolutionary War, Spain held claim to roughly half of today's continental United States. Read More. The Georgia Hispanic Chamber of Commerce (ghcc.org) represents the interests of Hispanic businesses in the state. All Rights Reserved. Ochoa, George, and Smith, Carter. Type O is the blood hospitals need most. Apr 8, 2020. Why It Matters: Hispanics aren’t foreigners in this country. Mexico celebrates their independence on September 16th. Atlas of Hispanic-American History (Facts on File, 2009). Only Mexico has a larger Hispanic population than the United States. Seventy percent of the Hispanic population lives in five states: California, Texas, New York, Florida and Illinois . The Hispanic family is a close-knit group and the most important social unit. Hispanics are not a monolithic group. Dive into the stories of these varied histories, cultures, and contributions to learn how the past is influencing our present. St. Augustine, Florida, and Sante Fe, New Mexico were Hispanic cities founded before Plymouth, Massachusetts. Spanish Settlement in North America: 1822–1898 (Chelsea House, 2007). These nearly 60 million individuals trace their heritage to Spanish-speaking countries in Latin America and to Spain, each with distinct demographic and economic profiles. New World Spanish Settlers bring first African slaves to the New World. Hispanic Heritage Month is an annual celebration of the history and culture of the U.S. Latinx and Hispanic communities. From 1998 to 1999 to 2008 to 2009, the number of associate's degrees earned by Hispanics more than doubled (increasing by 101 percent) During the same time period, the number of bachelor's degrees awarded Hispanic students increased by 85 percent. Hispanics over the age of 50 account for 10% of their age group. The history of Hispanics in America is long and rich, one that began with Spanish explorers invading the continent in the 1500s and has continued with the movement of people from Latin America and the Caribbean. Hispanic History Timeline created by khicks0421. More than 90 percent of the Spanish-speaking world is Roman Catholic. The most Reaching and Engaging with Hispanic Community. The movement expanded to encompass Mexican farm worker’s rights, enhanced education, voting rights and political rights. Hispanics over 50 are considered largely responsible for the growth of the Hispanic population. As a result of this war, the Republic of Mexico surrendered more than one-third of its former territory under the terms of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo (1848) to the United States. On the February 23, … It has been used in the U.S. Census since 1980. With 329 million native speakers, Spanish ranks as the world's No. 1. The term “Hispanic” originally denoted a relationship to Hispania, more commonly known as Portugal and Spain, and the people colonized by those two countries. HISPANIC Heritage Month happens every year in the US from September 15 to October 15 to honor the contributions and history of Hispanics and Latinos. ", followed by 266 people on Pinterest. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed February 2, 1848, ended the Mexican-American War. The Hispanic American Center for Economic Development was founded in 2001 by the Georgia Hispanic Chamber of Commerce. Various subgroups reflect great differences in ethnicity, culture, origin and can cover the racial spectrum, from white, African American, Asian, Pacific Islander and Native American. The United States agreed to pay Mexico $15 million. The terms Hispanic and Latino tend to be used interchangeably in the United States for people with origins in Spanish-speaking or Portuguese-speaking countries, like Mexico, Costa Rica, and Brazil. According to the 2010 Census, Hispanics accounted for more than half of the growth in United States population between 2000 and 2010. Saint Augustine brings the first European settlement to the United States, introducing Catholicism and the Spanish language in Florida. Hispanus was the Latin name given to a person from Hispania during Roman rule. (Latino) - Each year, the U.S. government recognizes the contributions and culture of 55.6 million of Hispanics or Latinos in the United States throughout a month-long celebration known as Hispanic Heritage Month, from September 15 to October 15. Religion plays a significant role in day-to-day life. Hispanic History In the United States, the first movement of Hispanic immigrants began after the U.S.-Mexican War (1846-1848), which was during the California Gold Rush. 2 language in terms of how many people speak it as their first language. The U.S. is the fifth largest Hispanic country in the world. History. With 52 million Americans identifying as Hispanic, Latinos make up 16.7% of the U.S. population. Hispanics (whether criollo or mestizo) became the first American citizens in the newly acquired Southwest territory after the Mexican–American War, and remained a majority in several states until the 20th century. The Office of Management and Budget describes Hispanic or Latino ethnicity as “a person of Cuban, Mexican, Puerto Rican, South or Central American, or other Spanish culture or origin regardless of race.”Hispanic people are the largest minority in the United States. These are 10 facts, as of September 10, 2016: People who… The number is expected to increase to 42 million, or 24%, by 2060. On Easter March 27th 1513 the Spanish Explorer and Treasure Hunter, Ponce de Leon discovered the mainland of the North American continent. We will embark on the past events that made St Augustine what is today. The term Hispanic was first adopted by the United States government in the early 1970s, and has since been used in local and federal employment, mass media, academia, and business market research. Jan 4, 2019 - Explore Jeri Frank's board "Hispanic History Month! What Happened: Hispanics, including mestizos, indigenous and Afro-descended people from the area today known as Mexico, explored North America almost a century before the British first founded Jamestown. The fastest population growth among U.S. Latinos has come among those with origins in Venezuela, the Dominican Republic, Guatemala and Honduras. This agreement also included a territorial settlement in which the United States annexed the northern portion of Mexico, resulting in what is today Texas, New Mexico and California. By browsing this website, you agree to our use of cookies. Seventy percent of the Hispanic population lives in five states: California, Texas, New York, Florida and Illinois. SIGN UP FOR OUR HISPANIC 2020 NEWSLETTER AND OFFERS. By 2050, the Hispanic population is expected to reach 132.8 million, or 30% of the projected U.S. population at that time. Immigrant Hispanic women have high first marriage rate. There are 1.1 million Hispanic veterans of the U.S. armed forces. National Hispanic Heritage Month is celebrated annually from Sept. 15 to Oct. 15 byrecognizing the history, culture and contributions of Latino Americans. Hill, Christine M. Ten Hispanic American Authors (Enslow, 2002). Since then, it has helped more than 59,000 entrepreneurs. As America’s largest growing ethnic group, about 60 percent of people of Hispanic descent have type O blood compared to 45 percent of Caucasians and 50 percent of African Americans. The Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo, signed February 2, 1848, ended the Mexican-American War. Many Hispanic Americans trace their roots to the cultures of the indigenous peoples of the Americas -- including the Arawaks (Puerto Rico), the Aztecs (Mexico), the Incas (South America), the Maya (Central America), and the Tainos (in Cuba, Puerto Rico and other places). St Augustine Florida is our Nations Oldest City. Jan 1, 1513. This month is intended to recognize the cultures and history of U.S. citizens whose ancestors originated from Mexico, Central America, South America, the Caribbean, and Spain. Hispanics are a mix of European, African and Native American people. Every year the United States honors the contributions that Latinos have made to our nation by celebrating Hispanic Heritage Month on September 15 to October 15. In reality, some Hispanic subgroups have remarkably few characteristics in common. Portraits of Hispanic American Heroes (Dial Books for Young Readers, 2014). In recognition of Hispanic Heritage Month, here are five little-known facts of Hispanic American history. There isn’t an industry in which Hispanic Americans haven’t made their mark in history, with some of the most iconic politicians, singers, actors, athletes and more coming from Hispanic … From 1980 to 1995, the Hispanic population of Georgia grew 130 percent. Jan 1, 1501. 1. In History. The majority of the U.S. population is Mexican American, followed in size by Central and South Americans, Puerto Ricans, and Cuban Americans. The U.S. Hispanic population is diverse. Content by Lupita Peimbert. Hispanic and Latino Americans have a long and rich history in the United States, captured in such wide-ranging places from the 17th-century Palace of the Governors in New Mexico to the Midcentury Modern Miami Marine Stadium in Florida. The proclamation of the National Hispanic Heritage Month was originally observed as “Hispanic Heritage Week” back in 1968 under President Lyndon Johnson, but it was later extended to a month during President Ronald Reagan’s term in 1988. In English, the term Hispano-Roman is sometimes used. Read More. With 329 million native speakers, Spanish ranks as the world’s number 2 language in terms of how many people speak it as their first language. From 2010 to 2011 alone, the number of Hispanics in the country jumped by 1.3 million, a 2.5% increase. Mar 12, 2020. New York: Facts on File, 1991. xxi, 375 p. Ill., maps. Chile celebrates their independence on September 18th. Read more about our. September 15 … Sept. 15 was chosen as the starting point for the celebration of Hispanic Heritage Month because it is the anniversary of independence of five Latin American countries: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Guatemala, Honduras and Nicaragua. Because of the popularity of "Latino" in the western portion of the United States, the government adopted this term as well in 1997, and used it in the 2000 census. Hispanics usually place great value on appearance as a sense of honor, dignity and pride. The Hispanic presence in North America from 1492 to today. Six other Hispanic origin groups in the U.S. have roughly 1 million or more people each: Cubans, Salvadorans, Dominicans, Guatemalans, Colombians and Hondurans. La Florida Free Africans Juan Garrido and Juan Gonzalez de Leon accompany Juan Ponce de Leon in his exploration of La Floride. © 2021 Hispanic team. Many Hispanic Americans trace their roots to the cultures of the indigenous peoples of the Americas -- including the Arawaks (Puerto Rico), the Aztecs (Mexico), the Incas (South America), the Maya (Central America), and the Tainos (in Cuba, Puerto Rico and other places). 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